The History Of Roulette Around The World

The Evolution of Roulette: A Look into its Fascinating History

Roulette is a captivating casino game that offers various aspects and strategies for players to explore. While many focus on how to improve their chances of winning, few may know about the game's extensive and intriguing history. Roulette has evolved over time in different countries, each contributing to its development and unique characteristics. In this article, we will delve into the origins and transformations of roulette across different nations.

  1. China

Believe it or not, some sources suggest that roulette originated in ancient China, although it differed significantly from the game we know today. Instead of numbers, animals were used, and the game was played on a stone wheel that could spin. Interestingly, an engraving of the number 666 was found in the middle of the wheel. Strangely enough, when you add up the numbers on a modern wheel, the sum is also 666. It is believed that Dominican monks introduced the game to Europe, where they transformed the animals into numbers.

  1. France

France is closely associated with modern roulette, and for good reason. The term “roulette” means “little wheel” in French, and many credit the invention of the modern version of the game to French mathematician Blaise Pascal. Pascal was initially trying to create a perpetual motion machine but unintentionally developed the basis for roulette. Some also attribute the game's origins to Dominican monks. However, it wasn't until after the French Revolution in the late 18th century that roulette gained popularity in France.

The version of roulette played in France during this time closely resembled the game we know today. This further supports the claim that the French played a crucial role in its development and widespread popularity. Prominent Frenchmen, Louis, and Francois Blanc, made notable modifications to the game to increase the house's advantage. One significant change was the addition of the number 0, adding to the game's mystique. Legend has it that the Blanc brothers made a pact with the Devil to learn the secrets of the game. However, these changes were not implemented until the following century when roulette had already gained worldwide popularity.

  1. International

As roulette's popularity surged in France, it also spread to other countries. In the 18th century, it made its way to Russia and Turkey, gaining traction in these regions as well. By the 19th century, it had reached England and other countries in close proximity to France. Notably, the United States initially lacked roulette's presence, but that changed when French refugees brought the game to Louisiana and other growing American cities in the 19th century. Similar to its reception in other countries, roulette quickly gained popularity in the United States.

Since then, roulette has continued to evolve and adapt as more and more people indulge in the game. Today, there are numerous variations of roulette available, each with its own unique features and rules.


Roulette's history is a testament to its enduring allure. From its purported origins in China to its significant contributions from France, the game has captivated players worldwide. Over time, roulette has undergone transformations and adaptations, becoming a beloved casino staple in various countries. Whether you prefer the classic version or one of the many exciting variations, roulette offers an exhilarating experience for players seeking thrill and entertainment.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

  • What is the house advantage in roulette?

The house advantage in roulette varies depending on the version of the game. In European roulette, where a single zero is used, the house edge is approximately 2.7%. In American roulette, which includes both a single zero and a double zero, the house edge increases to around 5.26%. It's important to note that these percentages represent the long-term mathematical advantage the casino has over players.

  • Can roulette be played online?

Yes, online casinos offer a wide range of roulette games that can be played from the comfort of your own home. These virtual roulette games replicate the excitement and gameplay of traditional land-based casinos, allowing players to enjoy their favorite roulette variations anytime, anywhere.

  • Are there any strategies to increase chances of winning in roulette?

While roulette is a game of chance, players often employ different strategies to enhance their playing experience. Some popular strategies include the Martingale system, where bets are doubled after each loss, and the Fibonacci system, which is based on a mathematical sequence. However, it's important to remember that no strategy guarantees consistent wins, as roulette outcomes are ultimately determined by random chance.



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Lukas is one of the leading authors at Casinoble. He entered the casino world through his passion for online poker. Lukas is also a dedicated sports betting fan. At Casinoble, Lukas usually writes about Live Dealer Games, Sportsbetting and Betting Strategies.

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